Details on cholesterol levels, cholesterol levels chart, LDL, HDL and normal cholesterol numbers for men and women and their significance are discussed. Know what value is a healthy cholesterol level?
Blood cholesterol is an essential substance in our bodies for good health. It is a white, waxy compound called sterols, present in every cell of the body. It is produced by our body for several purposes.
Cholesterol is essential for the development of our hormones and brain function. The result of not having enough cholesterol is depression and irritability.
In some people cholesterol is produced more than is required by the body, especially when the diet contains saturated fats. Saturated fats in the diet force the body to make too much cholesterol. The dietary cholesterol is found only in animal products. Saturated fats are found both in animal and vegetable foods and dairy products.
Blood cholesterol is of two main categories: High density Lipoproteins (HDL) and Low density lipoproteins (LDL). People with a high HDL cholesterol levels have low incidence of heart disease. HDL is a sort of cleaner that clean the deposit of fats in the blood arteries. HDL is improved with regular exercise and eating low fat foods. The cholesterol ratio is also important than the individual values of HDL and LDL.
Oxycholesterol is Worse
High levels of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol can increase the risk of heart attacks. Now, scientists have discovered a little-known type of cholesterol, oxycholesterol which may prove to be the most serious and lethal cardiovascular health threat of all. Scientists from China reported in the National Meeting of the American Chemical Society in August 2009 that fried and processed food, particularly fast food, contains high amounts of oxycholesterol. Oxycholesterol is as important as LDL and HDL cholesterols and should not be ignored. Their study demonstrated that oxycholesterol boosts total cholesterol levels and reduces elasticity of arteries and promotes atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) more than other cholesterols. But a healthy diet rich in antioxidants can counter these effects.
Healthy or Normal Cholesterol Range, Levels & Numbers
Total Cholesterol Level
Below you will notice the cholesterol level values in two different cholesterol units mmol/L and mg/dL units.
In adults - men and women, a blood cholesterol level below 200 mg/dl is considered to be desirable.
Desirable Cholesterol Level: Less than 200 mg/dL or 5.17 mmol/L
Borderline high risk cholesterol level: 200-239 mg/dL or 5.17-6.2 mmol/L
High risk cholesterol level: 240 mg/dL or 6.2 mmol/L and over
LDL Cholesterol Level
Less value of LDL cholesterol is better.
Desirable Levels of LDL cholesterol: Less than 129 mg/dL or 3.35 mmol/L
Borderline high risk of LDL cholesterol level: 130-159 mg/dL or 3.35-4.0 mmol/L
High risk of LDL cholesterol: 160 mg/dL or 4.15 mmol/L and over
Ideal for people at very high risk of heart disease: Below 70 mg/dL
Ideal for people at risk of heart disease: Below 100 mg/dL
HDL Cholesterol Level
High value of HDL cholesterol is better.
Desirable Levels of HDL cholesterol: more than 40 mg/dL or 1.04 mmol/L, ideally 60 mg/dL.
Normal Cholesterol Range: Total cholesterol less than 200 mg/dL and HDL-cholesterol (good cholesterol) 40 mg/dL or greater.
Get Your Lipoprotein Profile: Total cholesterol 240 mg/dL and above, regardless of HDL-cholesterol level
Get Your Lipoprotein Profile: Total cholesterol less than 200 mg/dL and HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol) less than 40 mg/dL.
See for other risk factors: Total cholesterol between 200 to 239 mg/dL and HDL-cholesterol (good cholesterol) 40 mg/dL or greater.
Recently, the recommendation is that the hdl ldl cholesterol ratio is as important as individual levels of HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol.
Low cholesterol can be bad. It is important to have a steady level of cholesterol. Very low cholesterol (below 160 mg/dL) is associated with health problems. because it may increase the chances of depression, certain types of cancer and early delivery.
A recent finding (2014) of the ICMR study reveals that 72% Indians have low levels of the HDL cholesterol level and 79% have abnormal lipid levels.