Mustard Seeds (Rai राई)
Mustard is a spice with a strong flavor. Black mustard seed has the strongest flavor than the brown one. Its three species are:
<-- Picture of Mustard Seeds
White Mustard is a round hard seed, beige or straw colored. Whole white mustard seed is used in pickling spice and in spice mixtures for cooking meats and seafood. Powdered mustard is usually made from white mustard seed and is often called mustard flour.
Black Mustard is a round hard seed, varying in color from dark brown to black, smaller and much more pungent than the white.
Brown Mustard is similar in size to the black variety and vary in co lour from light to dark brown. It is more pungent than the white, less than the black. The brown seed is pounded with other spices in the preparation of curry powders and pastes.
Uses of Mustard Seed
Whole seeds are included in most pickling spices. Whole seeds can also be toasted and used in some dishes. Powdered seeds are used for flavoring barbecue sauces, baked beans, many meat dishes, salad dressings and many vegetable curries. Some of its most favored uses are in honey dressing, sauce, honey sauce, potato salad, etc.
Its oil is very popular in some parts of India for cooking and body massage as it is great for the skin because it generates warmth.
Because mustard seeds are rich in many nutrients, they are beneficial for health.
- Their selenium content make them high anti-inflammatory.
- High magnesium content in the seeds help people with asthma, high blood pressure and in certain symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.
- The seeds give relief from migraine.
- It is also said to be good for increasing metabolism. They are excellent for digestion.
- The seeds help to improve appetite. Mix a few black seeds with milk and drink it 15 minutes before meal.
- They can help menopausal women having trouble in sleeping.
Mustard greens are the leaves of the mustard plant, Brassica juncea. In India, vegetable made of mustard leaves (Sarson ka saag सरसों का साग) is very popular.
- Cancer Prevention: They help in cancer prevention because mustard greens provide special nutrient support for the body's detox system, antioxidant system, and its inflammatory system. The greens are helpful in preventing breast cancer, bladder cancer, colon cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer and ovarian cancer.
- Mustard Greens are Antioxidant:These are an excellent source of vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene and manganese. The main antioxidant phytonutrients provided by mustard greens are hydroxycinnamic acid, quercetin, isorhamnetin and kaempferol.
- The greens have cholesterol lowering ability.
Mustard seeds are rich in selenium, magnesium, zinc, calcium, iron, omega 3 fatty acids, protein and dietary fiber.
|Nutrition of Mustard Seeds|
|Value per 100g|
| Moisture |
|8.500 gm |
541.000 K cal
| Carotene |
|162.000 µg |
|Minerals & Trace Elements|
| Copper |
|0.830 mg |
>Source: National Institute of Nutrition, ICMR, Hyderabad, India. www.ninindia.org
Tips for Storing & using
Buy and store mustard in whole form, if possible. Grind or powder them in a grinder or mortar & pestle just prior to using because they rapidly lose their freshness and flavour once ground.
Spices should be stored in airtight containers in a cool dark place.
In many dishes mustard paste and mustard sauce may be used.