Details on nutrition needs of a pragnent women including vitamins and mineral are discussed
A diet during pregnancy should provide protein, Vitamin C, D, E, K and folic acid to the pregnant women. The requirement of some of these nutrients is increased in a pregnant women than a normal one. However, pregnant women should not eat very high Vitamin A foods because large amounts of Vitamin A can be harmful to the baby.
Vitamin D 76% of pregnant mothers are vitamin D deficient, causing vitamin D deficiency in their unborn children, which increases the risk of type 1 diabetes, arthritis, multiple sclerosis and schizophrenia later in life.
Foods with vitamin D
Vitamin A requirement is increased by about 25% for the development of foetus. Low intake of vitamin C may lead to premature rupture of foetal membranes. A deficiency of Vitamin C in the mother may result in neonatal death. Vitamin D helps in calcium metabolism of the foetus while Vitamin K is essential for preventing neonatal hemorrhage. The B vitamins like thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin are required in larger quantities for functioning of muscle and nerve tissues .
In the following table the nutrient need for a pregnant women of age between 18 and 50 years are given below.
|Nutrient||Normal Women||Pregnant Woman|
|Calories||Depends on woman||200- 300 calories more a day than you usually eat|
|Vitamin A||12000IU||extra 2500IU|
source: tomato, peach, kiwi fruit, oranges, watermelon, blackberries. Sources of Vitamin A
|Vitamin C||60mg||extra 10mg|
source: banana, Apple, lemon, blackberries, cantaloupe, watermelon, tomato, lime, peach, grape. Sources of Vitamin C
|Vitamin E||-||extra 2mg|
source: corn oil, blueberries, whole wheat. Sources of Vitamin E
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)||1.7mg||extra 0.3mg|
source: milk, bread, kiwi fruit, avocado. Sources of Vitamin B2
|Vitamin B12||2mcg||extra 0.2mcg|
source: chedder cheese, egg, yogurt, milk, meat. Sources of Vitamin B12
|Folic acid, folate||400mcg||extra 200mcg|
source: kiwi, blackberries, tomato, orange, strawberry, banana, cantaloupe, lima beans, asparagus, avocado, peas, artichoke, spinach, nuts.
Sources of Folic acid, folate
sources: beans, soybean, oat bran, barley, seeds, dried fruit, artichokes, spinach, seaweed, animal sources
sources: nuts, seeds, figs, lemon, apple, grapefruit, corn, almond, dark green vegetables
sources: wheat germ, pumpkin seeds, pork loin, eggs
sources: wheat germ, broccoli, tomatoes, Brazil nuts, tuna
sources: whole grains, dark green leafy vegetables, beans.
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