Nutrition Needs During Pregnancy

Details on nutrition needs of a pragnent women including vitamins and mineral are discussed

A diet during pregnancy should provide protein, Vitamin C, D, E, K and folic acid to the pregnant women. The requirement of some of these nutrients is increased in a pregnant women than a normal one. However, pregnant women should not eat very high Vitamin A foods because large amounts of Vitamin A can be harmful to the baby.

Vitamin D 76% of pregnant mothers are vitamin D deficient, causing vitamin D deficiency in their unborn children, which increases the risk of type 1 diabetes, arthritis, multiple sclerosis and schizophrenia later in life.
Foods with vitamin D

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Vitamin A requirement is increased by about 25% for the development of foetus. Low intake of vitamin C may lead to premature rupture of foetal membranes. A deficiency of Vitamin C in the mother may result in neonatal death. Vitamin D helps in calcium metabolism of the foetus while Vitamin K is essential for preventing neonatal hemorrhage. The B vitamins like thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin are required in larger quantities for functioning of muscle and nerve tissues .

In the following table the nutrient need for a pregnant women of age between 18 and 50 years are given below.

Nutrient Normal WomenPregnant Woman
per day
CaloriesDepends on woman200- 300 calories more a day than you usually eat
Vitamin A12000IUextra 2500IU
source: tomato, peach, kiwi fruit, oranges, watermelon, blackberries. Sources of Vitamin A
Vitamin C60mgextra 10mg
source: banana, Apple, lemon, blackberries, cantaloupe, watermelon, tomato, lime, peach, grape. Sources of Vitamin C
Vitamin E-extra 2mg
source: corn oil, blueberries, whole wheat. Sources of Vitamin E
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)1.7mgextra 0.3mg
source: milk, bread, kiwi fruit, avocado. Sources of Vitamin B2
Vitamin B122mcgextra 0.2mcg
source: chedder cheese, egg, yogurt, milk, meat. Sources of Vitamin B12
Folic acid, folate400mcgextra 200mcg
source: kiwi, blackberries, tomato, orange, strawberry, banana, cantaloupe, lima beans, asparagus, avocado, peas, artichoke, spinach, nuts.
Sources of Folic acid, folate
Iron15mg extra 15-45mg
sources: beans, soybean, oat bran, barley, seeds, dried fruit, artichokes, spinach, seaweed, animal sources
Magnesium310mg extra 30-40mg
sources: nuts, seeds, figs, lemon, apple, grapefruit, corn, almond, dark green vegetables
Zinc8mg extra 3-4mg
sources: wheat germ, pumpkin seeds, pork loin, eggs
Selenium 55mcg extra 5mcg
sources: wheat germ, broccoli, tomatoes, Brazil nuts, tuna
Molybdenum 45mcg extra 5mcg
sources: whole grains, dark green leafy vegetables, beans.

Diet Topics | Diet for Infants, 0 - 6 months old | Diet for 6 - 12 months old | 1 year old baby food chart | Diet for Sick People | Low Cholesterol Diet | Diet for high blood pressure | Pregnancy diet recipes | Foods to increase breast milk | Post Pregnancy Diet | Fertility Diet | Foods for Jains | Vegetarian diet for weight loss | Weight loss diet | Foods for weight gain | Diabetes diet | Gout causing foods

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