Magnesium rich foods such as apples, aprocots, avocado, beans, walnuts, etc. help prevent the formation of kidney stones.
Lemons have the highest concentration of citrate of any citrus fruit. Citrate is a natural inhibitor of kidney stone formation.
Drinking four ounces (120ml) of reconstituted lemon juice in two litres of water per day decreases the rate of stone formation, according to Roger Sur, director of UC San Diego Comprehensive Kidney Stone Center (June 2010).
For patients with recurring kidney stones (symptoms of kidney stones), a study found that a bug - a bacterium, O formigenes can cut down up to 70 per cent of the risk associated with stones with no known side-effects. The findings of the study have been published by researcher David Kaufman in the online issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology in March 2008.
Surgery is not always necessary. There are other possibilities for treating the stones. If the stones are tiny or small (4mm, 2mm or less), they would pass out in the urine unnoticed by drinking plenty of water or fluids. Larger stones need proper treatment to get rid of them.
If you have more than one kidney stone, you are likely to form another; so prevention is very important. For this, your doctor must determine their cause of formation. Save any passed stone and send it to a test laboratory for its analysis along with your urine and blood. This will help in the treatment.
- For calcium stones: Avoid taking calcium in pill form. Foods high in calcium, including dairy products, may help prevent calcium stones.
Avoid food with added vitamin D and calcium based antacids. If you have very acidic urine, you should eat less meat, fish, and poultry.
- For cystine stones: Drink enough water each day to dilute the concentration of cystine. You will need to drink 3 litre of water during the day and 1 litre during the night. It is, however, very difficult to drink so much water.
Bottle gourd juice (Lauki juice) is useful in treating urinary problems like burning sensation in urine passage. Its alkaline nature can neutralize the acidity of urine. Drinking daily fresh juice mixed with 1 tsp of lime juice can break stones in body.
- Avoid foods and drinks containing oxalate. If your urine sample reveals excess of oxalate, then reduce the consumption of foods like beets, chocolate, coffee, cola, nuts, rhubarb, spinach, strawberries (all types of berries), tea, wheat bran, etc.
In general, the following foods may increase the risk of stones, if you are prone to them.
apple juice, berries, chocolate, cocoa, grapefruit juice, peanuts, rhubarb, spinach, tomato juice, soda and tea
- Medical Treatment: Certain medications can prevent formation of calcium and uric acid stones. Some diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide decrease the amount of calcium released by the kidneys into the urine.
If drinking more fluids do not control cystine stones, your doctor may prescribe drugs such as Cuprimine or Thiola.
Other medications are also available for curing kidney stones.
- Surgical Treatment: If other treatment do not work, then surgery is the option. Surgery may be considered if the stone is too large to pass on its own or if it blocks the flow of urine. Surgery also becomes necessary if the stones are damaging kidney tissue or causing constant bleeding.
- Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy (ESWL): Shock waves are created outside the body to hit the stones. This breaks the stones break into small particles which are easily passed through the urine. This technique is very quick and the patient can resume normal activities in a few days.
- Endoscopic lithotripsy: Endoscopic lithotripsy using ultrasonic, ballistic or laser energy can directly fragment and remove the stones. It is also used for treatment of stones in the ureter and bladder.
- American Foundation for Urologic Disease: www.afud.org
- American Urological Association: www.urologyhealth.org
- National Kidney Foundation: www.kidney.org
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Disclaimer: Please note that the home remedies are only for minor common symptoms and should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. You should not rely on these remedies. Always consult your Doctor for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. You should also avoid using any of these remedies if you are allergic to any of the ingredients. The writer of this article or fatfreekitchen.com is not responsible in any manner.