Prostate Problems

This page gives details on the prostate gland, its problems, signs, prevention and treatment of enlarged prostate. Prostate problem is very common in men above the age of 60, over 80% of all men experience some problem with urinating due to enlarged prostate.

The prostate is a male-only small walnut size organ, situated below the bladder (urethra in which urine is stored) and in front of the bowel. The prostate surrounds the urine carrying duct tube that takes away the urine from the bladder. It usually grows larger with age. The problems are common in men age 50 and older.

The Prostate Problems

There are three problems, all with the similar symptoms.

The Prostate Gland

Picture of The Prostate Gland and other associated organs.

  1. Prostatitis

    This only an inflammation of the prostate and can be treated by antibiotics, if detected early. It can also occur to younger men.

    In the acute problems (Acute prostatitis), it can cause fever, chills, or pain in the lower back and between the legs. It also can cause pain when you urinate.

    In some cases the prostate infection keeps coming again and again. This type of problem, known as Chronic prostatitis, shows milder but long lasting symptoms. Chronic prostatitis can be hard to treat. Antibiotics may work for chronic prostatitis if bacteria are causing the infection. Often it clears up by time.

  2. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

    Older men of age 50 onwards may have enlarged prostate, a problem is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia. These men may have a frequent urge to urinate or dribbling after urination or in extreme case, difficulty in urinating, especially at night. The enlargement occurs when the connective tissues surrounding the urethra thicken.


    1. Due to aging, some nodules develop in the prostate tissues, which gradually enlarge the gland to an extent that it presses the urethra and obstruct urination. Also Zinc levels in the prostate gland gradually decrease with age.
    2. Sitting for a long time put prolonged pressure on the pelvic region and perineum, resulting in congestion in and around the prostate.
    3. As you attain the age of 50, the testosterone levels start decreasing, thereby increasing in the quantity of dihydrotestosterone, which over produces prostate cells.
  3. Prostate cancer

Symptoms od Enlarge Prostate

In general, the following signs or symptoms are associated with the prostate problem.

  1. Frequent urge to urinate, specially at night.
  2. A feeling that bladder is not fully empty, i.e. after you finish urination, you have a feeling of more urine to come, but it doesn't.
  3. Burning urination
  4. Difficulty in starting urination
  5. Difficulty in holding back urine
  6. Dribbling of urine
  7. Blood in urine. Read more on causes of blood in urine and treatment.
  8. Blood in semen
  9. Difficulty in having an erection
  10. Pain during ejaculation
  11. Frequent pain in upper thighs, lower back or hips
  12. Pain in bones
  13. Loss of appetite
  14. Weight loss

Some of these symptoms are also associated with Urinary incontinence treatment and urinary tract infection.

Prostate enlargement is not a malignant condition, but it does put pressure on the urethra and can create a number of urinary problems such as frequent urination, urinary urgency, the need to get up at night to urinate, difficulty starting, a reduction to the force of the urine stream, terminal dribbling, incomplete emptying of the bladder and even the inability to urinate at all.

Treatment, Self-care

The following simple things will often help control the symptoms of an enlarged prostate and prevent your condition from worsening.

  1. Do not drink water and other beverages after 7 p.m. This will reduce your need to go to the bathroom at night.
  2. Limit alcohol and the drinks containing caffeine. Both increase urine production and irritate bladder.
  3. Empty your bladder completely, each time you go to the bathroom. Don't allow your bladder to be full.
  4. If you have difficulty in urinating, try sitting on the toilet.
  5. Reduce intake of high fat foods taht elevate testosterone level which stimulate prostat cell growth and enlargement.
  6. Eat foods containing zinc which is essential for preventing and reversing prostate enlargement. Foods high in zinc are spinach, beans such as mung beans, mushroom, cashews, pumpkin and squash seeds, cocoa, cocoa and chocolate, wheat germ, seafood, chicken, pork, etc
  7. Eat Jambul fruit (Jamun), powder of dried seeds 3 - 5 g to control the frequency of urine.
  8. Eat soy food products such as tofu, miso, tempeh, roasted soy nuts and soy powder for preventing prostate enlargement.
  9. eat foods with Selenium (wheat germ, tuna, herring, seafood, eggs, nuts, mushrooms, garlic, onion, kelp) is also good for prostat health.
  10. Be careful with over-the-counter decongestants. These drugs can cause the band of muscles that control urine flow from your urethra (urethral sphincter) to tighten, making urination more difficult.
  11. Keep physically active. Even a small amount of exercise (Kegel exercise) can reduce urinary problems caused by an enlarged prostate. Kegel exercises are useful in improving blood circulation to the prostate gland. This exercise is performed by tightening all the muscles around the scrotum and anus. Repeat this tightening of the muscles 10 times. Try doing this simple exercise 4-5 times daily.
  12. In cold weather stay warm.

The content on this website is reviewed regularly and is updated when new information is made available. The information provided is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. You should always seek the advice of your Doctor.

To prevent cancer one should eat lots of vegetables, fruits, lentils, legumes, and whole grains.These are loaded with dietary fibers.

Also Read The Following

Warning signs of diseases | Blood in urine during pregnancy | Brain tumor symptoms | Cancer Symptoms | Types of Cancers | Cancer fighting foods | Liver Cancer Symptoms | What is Mesothelioma cancer | Heart attack warning signs |Warning signs of Stroke | Prostate cancer symptoms | Kidney stones warning signs |Thyroid levels | Thyroid treatment | Urinary incontinence treatment | Urinary tract infection symptoms

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