Chili Pepper

Chili is also known as chili pepper or chile pepper. It comes in different hotness like red hot, mild and sweet chili. It is one of the most useful spice. Capsaicinis the component that makes hot chilli hot. They can improve digestion, help ease pain, destroy bacteria, and boost " /> Chili Powder

<-- Chili Pepper Red Powder
The foods with hot chilies provide a sense of coolness to the skin by raising perspiration in hotter days. Chili peppers are rich in Vitamin C. The capsaicin present in chili peppers is a pain relieving medication for use in arthritis, and some creams including capsaicin are available. A soup containing chili pepper, garlic and other herbs is good for the treatment of colds, sinusitis, and bronchitis.

It contains capsaicin which is a good protection against cancer. Capsaicin will be the main ingredient in the next generation of anti-cancer drugs as reported the online Jan 2007 edition of Daily Mail.



Capsaicin, the active agent in spicy hot chili peppers may be used to reduce pain, said Professor Feng Qin of physiology and biophysics at the University at Buffalo School of Medicine (Feb 2009). He used capsaicin to unravel how pain-receptor systems can adapt to painful stimuli.
Capsaicin creams are sold as effective treatment of pain from minor muscle or joint aches to those that are very difficult to treat, such as arthritis and neuropathic pain.

World's Hottest Chili Naga Jolokia Chili Pepper

Jolokia Chile PepperThe Naga Jolokia, also known as King Cobra Chile, Bhut Jolokia, Ghost Chile, Ghost Pepper, Naga Morich is the world's hottest chili, confirmed by Guinness World Records in 2007. It occurs naturally in the Indian states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. It measures in at a digestive tract melting 1,001,300 Scoville heat units, whereas Jalapenos measure 2,500-10,000 units, it is 100 times more hotter than a Jalapeno and the hottest Tabasco is 30,000. It is so hot that it cannot be handled with bare hands. One seed of a Naga Jolokia can produce intense pain in the mouth for up to 30 minutes.

In northeastern India, it is known to use as a defense against wild elephants. Indian Defense scientists in 2009 suggested to use Jolokia chile hand grenades to control rioters to immobilize them without killing.

In 2011, the fiery Trinidad Scorpion Butch T registered 1,463,700 Scoville units, placing it ahead of the previous world recod-holder, the Naga Viper

Select chili pepper of fine red powder form. Do not buy with visible seeds. For good color and texture to the dishes, you can buy paprika (which is powdered red capcicum) and mix it with red chili powder.

Green and red chilies make very tasty pickles. see Chili Pickles Recipe

Nutritional Values of Chili Pepper

Parameters

Value per 100g
 Moisture
 Protein
 Fat
 Minerals
 Fibre
 Carbohydrates
 Energy
 Calcium
 Phosphorus
 Iron
10.000 gm   
15.900 gm   
6.200 gm   
6.100 gm   
30.200 gm   
31.600 gm   
246.000 K cal
160.000 mg   
370.000 mg   
2.300 mg   
Vitamins
 Carotene
 Thiamine
 Riboflavin
 Niacin
 Vitamin C
345.000 µg    
0.930 mg   
0.430 mg   
9.500 mg   
50.000 mg   
Minerals & Trace Elements
 Sodium
 Potassium
 Phytin Phosphorus
14.000 mg   
530.000 mg   
71.000 mg   

Nutritional Values of Green Chili Pepper

Parameters

Value per 100g
 Moisture
 Protein
 Fat
 Minerals
 Fibre
 Carbohydrates
 Energy
 Calcium
 Phosphorus
 Iron
85.700 gm   
2.900 gm   
0.600 gm   
1.000 gm   
6.800 gm   
3.000 gm   
29.000 K cal
30.000 mg   
80.000 mg   
4.400 mg   
Vitamins
 Carotene
 Thiamine
 Riboflavin
 Niacin
 Folic Acid (Free)
 Folic Acid (Total)
 Vitamin C
175.000 µg    
0.190 mg   
0.390 mg   
0.900 mg   
6.000 µg    
29.000 µg    
111.000 mg   
Minerals & Trace Elements
 Magnesium
 Copper
 Manganese
 Molybdenum
 Zinc
 Chromium
 Oxalic Acid
 Phytin Phosphorus
272.000 mg   
1.400 mg   
1.380 mg   
0.070 mg   
1.780 mg   
0.040 mg   
67.000 mg   
7.000 mg   

Source: National Institute of Nutrition, ICMR, Hyderabad, India. www.ninindia.org




Tips for Storing & using Chili peppers

  • Select chili pepper of fine red powder form. Red chili pepper powder comes in dark red and yellowish red colors. Red chili pepper powder gives very good color and texture to vegetable curries. Do not buy chili powder with visible seeds.

  • Chili powder spice should be stored in airtight containers in a cool dark place. It lose their potency due to heat, light, and air.

  • Do not store chili pepper spice powder in refrigerator.


Also Read The Following

All Spices & Herbs | Hindi Names of Spices | Medicinal Herbs | Amchur health benefits | Asafetida Hing Spice | Cinnamon spice benefits | Fenugreek health benefits | Ginger benefits | Turmeric spice health benefits | Mace Spice | Cinnamon Spice | Mint spice benefits | Cumin health benefits






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