Cancer symptoms, their warning signs, and prevention are explained. You must consult your Doctor for any medical problem.
Millions of people each year are diagnosed with cancer. Following are the symptoms of cancer.
- Changes in bladder or bowel habits that lasts more than 2 weeks.
- Thickening or lump in breast or elsewhere.
- Unusual bleeding or discharge in cough, urine, vomiting, or stool.
- Change in size or appearance of mole or wart.
- Nagging cough or hoarseness lasting more than a few weeks.
If you experience any of these signs, you should consult your Doctor. Some of these signs necessarily do not indicate the cancer disease. They may be due to reasons other than cancer. It is advisable to get screened every year to detect any cancer at an early stage. Cancers detected early can be cured.
Heavy wrinkling & cancer risk
How many wrinkles you have may be an indication of your lung cancer risk, according to study by British researchers at The Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital (2006).
The study have concluded that middle-aged smokers with heavily lined faces have a 5 times higher risk of lung disease than their unwrinkled peers. After age and the number of years someone had smoked were taken into account, heavy wrinkling was the next factor that seems to point to increased risk, they said.
Severe wrinkling also shows a lack of anti-ageing antioxidants, like vitamin C, which also help protect against disease. Medical experts are now recommending to look out for premature heavy wrinkling in addition to other symptoms of lung disease such as persistent smokers cough and breathlessness.
- To prevent cancer, eat healthy foods.
About 30% of cancers are caused due to improper nutrition; eating not healthy foods or eating unhealthy foods. The American Cancer Society has the following recommendations:
- Eat five or more servings of vegetables (green and dark yellow, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, spinach, etc.) and fruits each day. Eat plenty of beans and whole-grains. Note that you are 2 to 3 times more susceptible to stomach cancer if you do not eat fruits and vegetables.
There are many high-fat items in the "Salad Bars". Load your plate with fresh vegetables, fruits, beans, whole grains, and low-fat dressing. Avoid creamy dressings.
- Limit on fats. Eat low fat foods. Avoid fast foods rich in fats. High-fat foods may increase the risk of prostate, colon, rectum and uterus cancers.
- Eat spicy foods specially containing chillies. Chillies contain capsaicin which may offer protection against cancer. Capsaicin holds the key to the next generation of anti-cancer drugs, reported the online Jan 2007 edition of Daily Mail.
- Limit on alcohol, if you drink.
- Eat vitamin d rich foods
Vitamin D & Cancer
Cedric Garland, Professor of family and preventive medicine at the UC San Diego School of Medicine, reports in the Annals of Epidemiology (June 2009) that cancer develops when cells lose the ability to stick together in a healthy, normal way . The key factor to this initial triggering of a malignancy could be a vitamin D deficiency. Sufficient vitamin D prevents prostate cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer and colon cancer.
- Stop smoking.
Smoking increases the risk of mouth, esophagus, lung, and larynx cancers.
In India 800,000 people die due to tobacco consumption every year, among whom 600,000 should be due to bidis alone." Bidi smoke contained high levels of toxins like carbon monoxide, phenol, ammonia and hydrogen cyanide. Bidi workers with TB are 3 times more prone to die.
- Limit on drinking.
Drinking & cancer risk in Women
Drinking alcohol, even low amounts, raises the risk of certain cancers in women, according to a new study by professor Naomi Allen of the University of Oxford and reported in February, 2009 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Low to moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a significant increase in the risk of breast, liver, rectum, and upper aero-digestive tract cancers.
- Maintain a healthy weight
Remain physically active. Exercise for 30 minutes daily. This will keep your weight normal. Obesity is a risk factor for prostate, colon, rectum, uterus, ovaries, and breast cancers.
- Limit on Salt
People who regularly eat soup could be raising their risk of stomach cancer because of its high salt content, warns a study (january 2009) by Dr Rachel Thompson, science programme manager for the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF). High sodium foods
- Avoide excessive sun exposure
Excessive exposure to sun, industrial chemicals, and X-rays can cause skin cancer and sun poisoning. When you go out in sun, you should cover all parts of the body. The parts such as face, hands, forearms, and ears remain uncovered can be at risk of skin cancer.
- Avoide excessive use of cosmetics.
Health experts say that excessive usage of cosmetics by children enhances their risk to various types of cancer and other problems later in life. Most of cosmetic products use potentially dangerous chemicals like parabens and phthalates. The parabens chemical have been recently found in breast cancer tissues. This chemical can affect the hormone oestrogen. The phthalates are linked to lower sperm counts in men, premature breast development and allergies.
Lower Risk of Cancer
The American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) has recommended the following 9 steps that can help lower the risk of getting cancer (published July 2004 issue of the Journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention).
- Do not smoke.
- Keep your weight in check. Adult weight gain should not be more than 11 pounds from age 18.
- Exercise daily and get a vigorous workout once a week.
- Eat five servings of vegetables and 2 serves of fruits daily.
- Eat at Least 14 ounces of whole grains, cereals, and other complex carbohydrates daily.
- Limit alcohol consumption to one drink a day (for women).
- Limit red meat to 3 ounces in a day.
- Limit fat intake to 30 percent of your total daily daily calorie intake..
- Limit added salt intake to 2,400 milligrams of salt in a day. Stick to low sodium diet.
- The New USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans were released in January. These USDA guidelines are the first to recognize the role of a healthy diet in reducing the risk of some cancers. You should follow the simple advice of the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) to meet the new guidelines.
- The new guidelines set seven to 10 servings of fruits and vegetables a day for the average adult. So make a habit to include vegetables and fruits in every meal and snack.
- Eat three or more servings of whole grains each day. Replace refined grains with whole-grain products such as whole-grain cereals, whole-grain breads for sandwiches, brown rice or whole-wheat pasta and whole-grain crackers.
Follow AICR's American Plate
Fill 2/3 or more of your plate with a variety of plant foods like vegetables, fruits, whole grains and beans. Leave only the remaining 1/3 of the plate or less for animal protein.
By keeping this 2/3-to-1/3 proportion on your plate, you can help lower your risk for cancer, heart disease, stroke, and other diseases.
- What is cancer?
- Cancer screeing
The content on this website is reviewed regularly and is updated when new information is made available. The information provided is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. You should always seek the advice of your Doctor.