Know human intestine worms, their symptoms and treatment. Also worm types (pinworms, thread worm, tape worm, hook worm, whip worm), pictures, symptoms, prevention and treatment in human including children are given, (see pictures of worms in human below.).
Millions of people are infected by the parasite worms worldwide. More than 100 types of parasites worms can be living happily in human bodies including in feces. Only about 5 percent of these varieties can be tested positively with only 20 percent accuracy.
The most common worms living in human intestine as parasites are roundworm, pinworm, threadworm,tapeworm, hookworm, whipworm, ascaris worm, etc.
Some human worms or parasites are big in size that can be seen by eyes, while the others are microscopic in size. Worms in human can range from tiny amoebas which are visible only under a microscope, to tapeworms 3 - 30 feet in length. Don't think that parasites are present only in stomach and digestive tract, but they can inhabit in the bloodstream, muscle tissue, brain and the heart and other organs.
How Parasites Infest People?
Parasites can enter our bodies through food, water, mosquito bites, or through the nose and skin.
Pinworm eggs can enter our mouth by fingers, clothing and bed linen.
Parasite worms find a perfectly living environment when the bowel becomes ineffective in the elimination of the waste products due to constipation.
Types of Worms
Parasites may be categorized into four types: Protozoa, Trematoda, Cestoda and Nematoda. Nematodes include common roundworm, hookworm, whipworm, pinworm, heart worm, etc.
The following table gives details of different types of common worms parasites in human body along with their pictures.
Round worms are common, approximately 1000 million people are infected worldwide with round worms.
Round worms can be up to 15 inch long, 200 000 eggs a day.
Round worms can cause pain in upper abdominal, asthma, eye pain, insomnia, rashes.
They can cause blockages in the intestinal tract, loss of appetite, appendicitis, abscesses in the liver, etc.
Ascaris is an intestinal parasite of humans which is the most common human worm infection. Adults of Ascaris lumbricoides are large roundworms,15-31 cm long with a curved tail (see the picture), while females are 20-35 cm long with a straightened tail. Ascaris hardly moves. It simply lies still in the organs absorbing nutrients.
Probabily all dogs and cats have it and all humans have it from time to time. The human ascaris is Ascaris lumbricoides, pigs have Ascaris suum, horses have Ascaris megalocephala.
Pictures of Worms - Roundworm, Ascaris worm, Hookworm, Whipworm, Tapeworm
Ascariasis is caused by ingesting infective eggs. This can happen when contaminated fingers are put in the mouth or by eating vegetables and fruits that have not been carefully washed and cooked.
There are usually no symptoms of ascaris. Heavy infections can cause intestinal blockage and stop growth in children.
Ascariasis is diagnosed by examining a stool sample. Medications can get rid of these worms in1-3 days.
Hookworms can be up to 1/2 inch long.
Hook worms feed on patient's blood.
The symptoms of hook worms include abdominal pain, loss of appetite, craving to eat soil, iron and protein deficiency, dry skin and hair, skin irritations, delayed puberty, mental dullness, etc. In acute cases it can cause cardiac failure and death.
Pinworm or Threadworm (Enterobius vermicularis)
Pin worms or Threadworms are the most common worm, common in children, about 500 million are infected worldwide.
Pin worms are up to 1/2 inch long. They lay about 15 000 eggs per day at outer of anus.
The symptoms of pinworms include itching and irritation of the anus or vagina, digestive disorders, insomnia, irritation or nervousness. The worms come out of the anal opening to lay eggs at night. The eggs can pass to others through air or by contact with infected food. The eggs are not affected by disinfectants. It passes from person to person. The eggs can be passed by direct contact, or through sharing of food, toys, etc.
Whipworm (Trichuris trichiura) is an intestinal parasite having whip-like shape. Whipworm is 1 to 2 inches long. Several hundred million people are infected world wide with whip worms. Humans can catch whipworm when contaminated fingers are put in the mouth, or by consuming foods that have not been carefully washed and cooked.
People lightly infected usually have no symptoms. The symptoms of heavy infections of whipworms are bloody stools, pain in the lower abdomen, weight loss, nausea and anemia. In children, heavy infection may be retard their growth and development.
Whipworm infections can be treated with medication in 1-3 days.
Tapeworms are flat and ribbon-like and can grow up to 35 feet long. They lay million eggs per day. Tapeworm infections are most commonly in developing countries.
Humans can catch tapeworm by eating food or drinking water containing traces of contaminated faeces, touching contaminated stools and then placing hands near the mouth, or eating raw contaminated fish, beef or pork.
There are usually no symptoms of tapeworm. They are detected in the stool sample, you may see segments of the worm in your stools.
The infected person may have dizziness, vomiting, hunger or loss of appetite or weight loss.
To prevent tapeworm infection, vegetables and fruit should be washed thoroughly before they are eaten. Raw meat and fish must be stored and cooked.
Symptoms of worms in human body
The following are the symptoms of worms in human body. Note that these symptoms of parasites may be due to other reasons.
- Extreme skin rashes with blisters
- Food allergies or sensitivities
- Anemia due to blood loss
- Iron deficiency
- Gas and stomach bloating
- Fatigue, tiredness, depression and a lack of concentration.
- Nervousness, anxiety and restlessness.
Symptoms of Worms in Children
Most small children and toddlers have thread worms in their bottoms which affect their daily activities. The following are the symptoms of worms in children. Note that these symptoms may be due to other reasons.
- Itichi bottom. Itchy feeling around anus, inflammation of the vagina in girls and women. Want to scratch their bottom, trying to take their nappy off.
See threadworms, a 1cm thread-like worm, in child's stools.
- Blisters on the inside of the lower lip
- Restlessness at night
- Grinding of the teeth at night
- Dark circles under the eyes
- Bed wetting
- Headaches, sensitive to light, twitching eyelid,
- Gum, rectum, or nose bleeding